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Keyboard Access

CCC Navigation links cannot be accessed via keyboard. Users are unable to access the navigation links on a webpage if they use only their keyboard.

Example of Issue

A user with paralysis who relies on a keyboard for navigation is unable to access the navigation links on a web page. Navigation links are important to the success of the user’s experience on a website.


Guideline 2.1 Keyboard Accessible: All functionality of the content is operable through a keyboard interface without requiring specific timings for individual keystrokes, except where the underlying function requires input that depends on the path of the user’s movement and not just the endpoints.
SC 2.1.1 (Level A)

Section 508 Compliance: Section 1194.21 Software Applications and Operating Systems

  • (b) When software is designed to run on a system that has a keyboard, product functions shall be executable from a keyboard where the function itself or the result of performing a function can be discerned textually.

Example of Standard in Action

A user with limited mobility requires a keyboard only navigation to browse a website. They have no problems accessing the website’s navigation links, website links or input fields with their keyboard.

Locating the Issue in Your Course

You will need to use make sure your course navigation is keyboard accessible. To do this, put your mouse away and navigate your course using only your keyboard. The tab key and shift+tab keys can be used to navigate through link and forms.The enter/return key can be used to activate links and buttons.

Resources to Align With Standard

  • WebAIM (Web Accessibility in Mind) provides web accessibility solutions to individuals with disabilities. Links provided will introduce you to keyboard accessibility and how to create web links that are keyboard accessible.
  • @ONE provides training and online resources to faculty and staff to learn technology for free or low cost thanks to funding from the California Community College Chancellor’s Office and Technology Infrastructure Program (TTIP). Link provided will take you to webinar that will help you to understand how to make your web content accessible.

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